International Security

Questions
  1. What is security?
  2. How will we approach security studies in this course?
  3. How do realist conceptualizations of security differ from liberal, constructivist, critical, and feminist approaches, as laid out by J. Ann Tickner?

What is security studies? Answering this question is complicated because the concept of "security" itself is hotly contested. According to Tickner, the "re-analyses" of security has only intensified since the early 1980s (177). Different theoretical frameworks disagree, for example, on who the actors of security are, what the objects of security are, and whose security is the most important.

For example, J. Ann Tickner explains how realist conceptions of national security differ from other approaches.
Conceptions of National SecurityActors
Realismstate-centric definition of security; militarist framework1statist framework; great-power oriented2
Perspectives from the Southbroader definitional boundaries of national security; military conflicts are "rarely cross border, but, rather, the result of domestic challenges to the legitimacy of political regimes frequently supported by outside intervention (179)"; economic dimesnions of national security; null
Perspectives from the North ("Common"/"Comprehensive" Security & "Traditional Notion of National Security Through a New and Modified Pax Americana)": traditional notionformer: null; latter: emphasis on the military policing role of the US
Reformulating Realism
Critical Perspectives
Feminist Perspectives



Studying Security Studies

1. Identify key (guiding/further) questions regarding war, peace and security. 2. Identify different (possible) explanations to these questions from a historical and theoretical perspective. 3. Use a combination of theoretical readings, concrete historical case studies, and contemporary policy debates to evaluate different possible answers.

Index
1 i.e. "synonymous with the security of the state against external dangers, which [is] to be achieved by increasing military capabilities" (Tickner, ????: p.176);
2 i.e. "preoccupation with cross-border conflict and military power defined in terms of the interests and security of the great powers" (Ibid., p.179). Security was "synonymous with nuclear deterrence and nuclear power-balancing" during the Cold War (p. 177).

Bibliography
Tickner, J. Ann. "Revisioning Security"

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